MAKE AN APPOINTMENT FOR AN INTERVIEW
We will help you choose the best solution for your business
Zostaw swoje dane, a odezwiemy się w ciągu 24h!
The primary function of a warehouse is to store goods. However, it should be remembered that, in fact, the functions of a warehouse today are not limited to storing selected items. Their purpose is also to create the right conditions that are necessary for the proper operation of the entire “organism”, which is undoubtedly the warehouse.
The definition of what a warehouse is is quite simple. Well, it is a space in which certain storage and logistical processes take place. The former definitely include the ability of a given facility to store a selected assortment of goods. And this means that the selected facility has the infrastructure necessary to maintain the appropriate conditions in the facility, viz:
In turn, speaking of logistical processes, we mean the organization of loading or unloading, intra-warehouse transportation, keeping (compiling) relevant documentation, providing ICT networks, as well as securing the building from outside interference.
The construction of a warehouse depends on its purpose, technical capabilities, but also on the infrastructure inside and… its dimensions. This means that if we want to define it, we need to use dozens of variables. Harmonizing, a typical warehouse consists of:
In addition to this, the warehouse also has rooms of an auxiliary nature. The tool room (where the warehouse equipment is located), the social space and the security and monitoring center (the headquarters of security personnel) are just a few examples of places whose presence is necessary for the proper functioning of a large facility.
The classification of warehouses is a very complex subject, which must be defined in light of many variables. Below we will present the most common types of warehouses in the Polish logistics space in relation to specific factors.
An open warehouse is a space that is basically a paved yard designed to store weatherproof cargo. Open warehouses are used to store firewood, wood, some trim, and building materials, among other things.
A semi-open warehouse is a covered space (such as a shed), the interior of which is enclosed by a maximum of three structural walls. Goods in semi-open warehouses are protected from rain, snow and the sun’s intense rays, but at the same time have access to fresh air at all times (e.g. cement, chemicals for ice removal, etc.).
An enclosed warehouse is a separate space that is built of durable building materials and is also permanently connected to the ground. The goods located here are completely protected from external factors, and if necessary – thanks to the appropriate infrastructure – it is possible to create an appropriate microclimate in them.
Special warehouse – is a place where goods that require the undertaking of appropriate safety procedures are stored. For example, special warehouses store gases and liquids with strong explosive properties, medicines or bulk goods that require an appropriate microclimate.
The division of warehouses by the type of goods stored in them divides them based on the characteristics of the goods stored inside.
The classification of warehouses on the basis of the products stored also makes it possible to separate two distinct categories of warehouses, which are defined on the basis of accessibility to the loading unit. According to this division, we distinguish:
Warehouses are also divided on the basis of what function they perform and – consequently – what their place is in the logistics supply chain. According to this division, we distinguish warehouses:
The functions of warehouses can be very complex. This means that a commercial warehouse can simultaneously play the role of a supply warehouse.
The basic way to classify warehouses based on the way the goods are arranged is the height at which the stored goods can be stored.
The storage methods adopted depend primarily on the design of the chosen warehouse, how its space is used, and the purpose of the building. The storage methods introduced may also depend on what type of goods are stored in them.
The central warehouse is the place that plays a dominant role in the selected supply chain. This means that this is where all cargoes go and from there they are dispatched to subordinate regional warehouses. Only their task is to meet the needs of local sales centers, such as supermarkets, wholesalers, etc. Smaller warehouses can be used by small retail chains. These include, for example, shipping warehouses.
Warehouses can also be divided based on the technological solutions used in them to improve the handling and loading of goods.
The last criterion by which warehouses can be classified is the method of loading, which results from the design of the facility, as well as the way the ramps are arranged.
As you can see, the division (classification) of warehouses from the technical and organizational side is a very complex process. The same is true for the construction of such facilities, the structure of which must be strictly tailored to the requirements of the customer. The use of steel structures in hall construction allows you to modify the project practically at will, so that you can take into account such factors as local conditions in its outline.
If you are interested in designing and building storage halls with a structure tailored to your needs, we invite you to contact us. Our goal is to create a solution that satisfies the customer.