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An integral part of the barn are milking parlors. These are cattle halls that are designed for milking cows. Thanks to the possibilities offered by steel structures, their shape and space can be adapted to user requirements and local conditions. In the following article we will focus on the construction of milking parlors and their types.
What are milking parlors? The milking parlor, or so-called milking parlor, is one of the most important elements of free-stall and free-range barns. This is where the milking process takes place, which, it is worth noting, is distinguished by a high level of automation. In practice, this means that special equipment is applied to the udders of cows, and then, using a mechanical system, milk is automatically extracted.
This process requires solutions that allow the animals to feel comfortable meeting their herd needs. Therefore, the structure of each hall (with a steel frame) can be freely modified already at the design stage. As a rule, most milking parlors consist of four main areas, such as:
The idea behind the automated milking process is to provide such conditions for the animals that it takes place in a fast, efficient and uninterrupted manner. A cattle hall consists of several components that:
This means that the design of the milking parlor must also take into account factors related to the people working there. When creating it, you need to take into account the number of employees, auxiliary tools (and the need to assemble them), as well as focus on social facilities that will allow you to eat and use sanitary facilities. Below we will describe the most interesting and popular types of milking parlors and discuss the most important differences between them.
What are the types of milking parlors? There are several of them, and they differ in the arrangement of stalls for milking cows. Their layout will depend, among other things, on the organization of the milking parlor.
Milking stations are most often set inside arched or tunnel halls, as their design provides adequate space.
When designing agricultural halls for cattle, you need to consider first of all the capacity of the system, that is, how many cattle can be milked during an hour. Another important consideration is the comfort of milkers and support staff, who must have easy access to the animal and adequate lighting. Finally, the design of the milking parlor should also take into account the welfare of the animal, which must have sufficient space (sufficiently large parlor dimensions). The parlor should also include the necessary:
Various cleaning systems and grates, as well as baffles for the cattle, are also essential.
To sum up, cattle hall equipment (as well as the hall itself) should be selected not so much by price, but rather by the actual capacity and size of the farm. This makes it easier to get more milking and at the same time optimize the milking process with the welfare of people and animals in mind.